The Hypoglycaemia Awareness Questionnaire is a profile measure of hypoglycaemia awareness (when awake/asleep) and hypoglycaemia frequency, severity and impact (healthcare utilisation).

It has robust face and content validity; satisfactory structure and internal reliability; good convergent, divergent and known groups validity. The ‘impaired awareness’ sub-scale and other items contribute significantly to models explaining recall of severe and nocturnal hypoglycaemia. It has proven responsiveness in clinical trials.


The 5-item ‘impaired awareness’ sub-scale has been translated and linguistically validated in 20 languages. We approve rigorous industry-standard procedures. All new translations need to be authorised by, and remain the copyright of, AHP Research.

LICENCE agreements

For further information, see user agreements and email: david.wilson@ahpresearch.com


Speight J, Barendse SM, Singh H, Inkster B, Little S, Frier BM, Shaw JAM. Characterising problematical hypoglycaemia: iterative design and psychometric validation of the Hypoglycaemia Awareness Questionnaire (HypoA-Q). Diabetic Medicine. doi: 10.1111/dme.12824 (Epub ahead of print: 4 Jun 2015).

Little S, Leelarathna L, Walkinshaw E, Tan HK, Chapple O, Lubina-Solomon A, Chadwick T, Barendse SM, Stocken DD, Brennand C, Matthews J, Marshall SM, Wood R, Speight J, Kerr D, Begley J, Flanagan D, Heller SR, Evans M, Shaw JAM (2014) Recovery of hypoglycemia awareness in long-standing type 1 diabetes: a multicenter 2×2 factorial randomized controlled trial comparing insulin pump with multiple daily injections and continuous with conventional glucose self-monitoring (HypoCOMPaSS). Diabetes Care, 37(8): 2114-22.